Climate Change represents one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century. This phenomenon results from global warming caused by the increasing emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) since the Industrial Revolution, especially from the burning of fossil fuels.
The emissions of GHG resulting from deforestation and forest degradation also contribute to about 17% of the global GHG emissions, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Therefore, the Brazilian Amazon has high relevance in the climate debate since it is the largest continuous tropical forest with high quantity of biomass, high rates of deforestation and forest degradation. Moreover, this region plays an important role in the weather regulation of the South-American continent. In addition, with 18% of its area already deforested, there are opportunities to restore degraded land, which will contribute to carbon sequestration from the atmosphere.
The Climate Change program at Imazon aims at contributing to the reduction of GHG emissions and to carbon sequestration in the Brazilian Amazon, especially related to policy approaches and incentives for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, enhancement of carbon stocks and sustainable forest management (REDD+). Our specific goals are: (1) contributing to the implementation, transparency and efficiency in the governance of REDD+ initiatives in the Brazilian Amazon; (2) contributing to monitoring of carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the Amazon region and with training and technological transfer to countries with tropical forests and (3) promoting the development of mechanisms of payment of environmental services, connected to the mitigation of global warming. The research activities of this program are:
Forest Governance Assessment
In this activity we aim at assessing the situation of forest governance to identify the major advances and problems in the Brazilian Amazon to contribute to the implementation of REDD+. We also evaluate bills and new laws about climate change, REDD+ and payment for environmental services to identify the adoption of principles and mechanisms that can contribute to adequate forest governance.
Monitoring of carbon emissions
We estimate and monitor the emissions of carbon from forest loss in the Brazilian Amazon and report this information in the Forest Transparency Bulletin based on data of deforestation and forest degradation detected by the Deforestation Alert System (SAD) developed by Imazon.
Technical studies for REDD+ projects
The program elaborates technical and scientific studies to establish prerequisites for REDD+ projects, such as baseline, additionality estimates and leakage risk analyses.
This activity aims at identifying and promoting opportunities to develop pilot projects of forest restoration, assessing their economic feasibility together with their connection to mechanisms of payment for environmental services.
Imazon supports the consolidation of a socioenvironmental management model and the Rural Environmental Cadastre in eleven municipalities in the Amazon through monitoring of forest cover and GHG emissions, socioeconomic and forest diagnostics and training of agents aiming at reducing deforestation, forest degradation and associated carbon emissions.
Imazon offers training at the Imazon Geotechnology Center (CGI) in Belém to help supplying national and international demand for capacity building to improve monitoring of REDD+ and carbon sequestration projects.
Support for public policies and dissemination
Imazon supports and assesses the creation and implementation of public policies and private initiatives related to mitigation and adaptation of Climate Change, in addition to expanding the dissemination of these actions.
Coordination: Brenda Brito.
Staff: Adalberto Veríssimo, Amintas Brandão Jr., Andréia Pinto, Carlos Souza Jr., Júlia Ribeiro, Márcio Sales e Paulo Amaral.
Collaboration: Laurent Micol (ICV), Alice Thuault (ICV), Crystal Davis (WRI), Florence Daviet (WRI), Edson Vidal (Esalq/USP), Pedro Moura Costa (E2 Brasil Sócio Ambiental), Maurício Moura Costa (E2 Brasil Sócio Ambiental)
Partners: Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV), World Resources Institute (WRI), The Nature Conservancy (TNC) e Conservação Internacional (CI).
Support: Avina, CLUA, Conservação Internacional (CI), Fundo Amazônia, Fundo Vale e Norad (Noruega) e Prosperity Fund (Reino Unido).