It is estimated that communities hold around 1.2 million square kilometers of forests. These remaining forest reserves in public and private areas are strategic for conservation of the Amazon. However, an unfavorable institutional framework, deficient management, lack of forest transparency, land title insecurity and low technical capacity have driven the communities into illegality.
It is vital to have these actors included in an active fashion in legalized forest production in the Amazon in order to conserve their forest resources and establish sustainable and permanent rural communities.
The objective of this program is to document, analyze and support community and small scale forest management initiatives in the Legal Amazon. The principal activities are:
Consortia of Communities and Forests
The objective of this activity is to integrate information on ecology and techniques for forest management, land title regularization and market studies in order to promote management in communities in the Pará municipalities of Porto de Moz, Gurupá and Marabá. This project carries out studies on the management and ecology of species that are economically important for the communities, market surveys for non-timber forest products and analyses of the follow up for the land title regularization process based on local arrangements in the communities and government programs at the state (Iterpa) and federal (Incra) levels.
Seeks to improve marketing for the products of community forest use in the Amazon. To do this there is data collection, market analysis and preparation of a data base on community forest management initiatives in the Legal Amazon. That information will serve to increment options for marketing community forest products.
Management done by small producers
This project seeks to understand the factors that contribute to adoption of forest management by small producers in Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru. Additionally, it investigates the obstacles confronted by those initiatives at the technical, market and legal levels. The goal is to use that information to propose public policies that will expand and implement adoption of small-scale forest management in the Amazon.
Lessons on community management
The objective of this project is to identify and disseminate models for technical and management follow up for the social organizations and producers acting in the area of community forest management. The project also includes a comparative analysis of experiences underway in Brazil, Guatemala and Nicaragua. The goal is to contribute towards the communities having greater autonomy and control over their projects. Imazon also promotes regional and international exchanges for sharing new forms of technical and management follow up for community forest management in the Amazon and Central America.
Monitoring of traditional communities
Imazon monitors human pressure on the areas of traditional communities and Indigenous Lands in southern Amazonas State. The project also calls for capacity-building with local communities in handling GPS, map reading and participatory mapping, for monitoring of community areas and indigenous lands.
Coordination: Paulo Amaral.
Staff: Andréia Pinto, Carlos Alexandre, Carlos Souza Jr., Izabella Paixão e Rodney Salomão.
Collaboration: Edson Vidal (Esalq/USP) e Manuel Amaral (IEB).
Partners: CSF Brasil, IEB, Imaflora, Kanindé, Rádio Clube do Pará e ACT.
Support: UE, Usaid, Fundo Vale e Fundo Amazônia.