The forest sector can perform a crucial role in sustainable development for the Amazon by allying conservation with socioeconomic growth. However, the advance of the forest sector has been marked by predatory logging, although there have been advances in adopting forest management and reducing illegality in the sector. Additionally, the forest is currently undergoing profound changes, including decentralization in forest management, forest concessions and advances in the control and monitoring systems.
The objective of this program is to evaluate and inform public forest policies based on an analysis of the evolution, dynamics and socioeconomic trends in the Amazon forest sector. Additionally, the program supports the creation and implementation of Conservation Units that enable local economic development (with a strong emphasis on forest concessions) while at the same time strengthening conservation in the region. The principal activities of that program are:
Timber Production Centers
This has been an ongoing Imazon research initiative since 1998 throughout the Amazon. It is the broadest survey of primary data for the timber sector and has been the main reference for strategic and statistical information regarding this activity in the Amazon. In 2004 the second diagnosis was performed, and in 2009, with support from the Brazilian Forest Service – SFB, Fundo Vale and United States Forest Service, the Institute concluded its newest survey of timber centers covering around 190 municipalities in the Amazon. From that survey two documents have been published: (1) Forests Facts in the Amazon 2010 and, (2) Timber Activity in the Amazon: Production, Revenues and Markets. Those have informed public policies for forest activity over the last two decades. Data include the volume of timber extracted and processed in the Amazon; jobs generated; area affected by timber harvesting; harvesting and processing technology; and markets and trends for the sector.
Mosaic of UCs (Conservation Units) in the Calha Norte
Since 2006, the Institute has cooperated with the State Secretariat for the Environment in Pará – SEMA, Conservation International – CI, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi – MPEG and Instituto de Manejo and Certificação Florestal and Agrícola – Imaflora in a consortium to support the creation, implementation and consolidation of the Mosaic of Conservation Units in the Calha Norte do Pará (with around 12.8 million hectares). In 2010, Imazon led the drafting of 3 Management Plans in Sustainable Use UCs (Paru, Trombetas and Faro State Forests) and collaborated with the chapter on Diagnoses for two Full Protection Plans (Grão-Pará Ecological Station and Maicuru Biological Reserve). All of those documents were delivered to SEMA, but only the Management Plan for the Paru Flota was officially published in the same year (07/12, through Administrative Ruling number 3.725).
Coordination: Adalberto Veríssimo.
Staff: Eli Franco, Mariana Vedoveto e Thiago Sozinho.
Collaboration: André Monteiro.
Support: Fundação Gordon & Betty Moore, Fundo Vale.
Partners: CI, IFT, Imaflora e Governo do Estado do Pará: Sema e Ideflor.