Approximately 42% of the Legal Amazon is in protected areas in the form of UCs (Conservation Units) and TIs (Indigenous Lands). Establishing these areas has been an effective means of reducing deforestation in the region. However, there are formal initiatives underway to downgrade, downsize or degazette Protected Areas.
In this The State of the Amazon we analyze 37 of these initiatives that involve 48 Protected Areas. To ensure the integrity of Amazon protected areas, we recommend that environmental crimes be swiftly punished; that these spaces be consolidated by promoting sustainable economic activities and land title regularization; and that technical and legal rigor be used for any change to protected areas as may be necessary.